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Federal Government Efforts to Regulate Minimum Wage before The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938

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VLibrary.info LogoSeptember 19, 1918: Congress approved the District of Columbia minimum-wage law (40 Stat. 960) guaranteeing a minimum wage to women and children employed in the District of Columbia.

VLibrary.info LogoApril 9, 1923: Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 261 U.S. 525. The Supreme Court ruled that the 1918 District of Columbia Minimum Wage Act, establishing a federal minimum wage for women and children employed in the District of Columbia, was an unconstitutional infringement of liberty of contract.

VLibrary.info LogoAugust 10, 1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 6246, requiring government contractors to comply with codes of fair competition issued under the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). This became moot when the Supreme Court struck down the NIRA in Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States (1935).

VLibrary.info LogoMay 27, 1935: Schechter Corp. v. United States, 295 U.S. 495. The Supreme Court declared that the National Recovery Act was unconstitutional.

VLibrary.info LogoJune 1, 1936: Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo, 298 U.S. 587. The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of minimum wage legislation enacted by the State of Washington.

VLibrary.info LogoJune 30, 1936: The Walsh-Healey Public Contracts Act (PCA) (41 USC 6501-6511) passed. It established minimum wage, maximum hours, and safety and health standards for work on contracts in excess of $15,000 for the manufacturing or furnishing of materials, supplies, articles, or equipment to the U.S. government or the District of Columbia. All provisions of the PCA are administered by the Wage and Hour Division except the safety and health requirements, which are administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

VLibrary.info LogoMarch 29, 1937: West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish (1937), The Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of minimum wage legislation enacted by the State of Washington.

VLibrary.info LogoMay 24, 1937: The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1937 was introduced in Congress as S. 2475 in the Senate, and H.R. 7200 in the House of Representatives.

VLibrary.info LogoJune 25, 1938: The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA) was passed by Congress and signed by President Franklin Delano Roosevelt

VLibrary.info LogoOctober 24, 1938: The Fair Labor Standards Act went into effect.